C is incorrect because it is in no way funny. The other options all work because they add dependent markers to the beginning of the clause, which turn the clause into a dependent clause. Therefore, it is able to be connected to the first part of the sentence using only a comma. If it could be, choose the shorter one. These two ideas are going in opposite directions, so J is the correct answer, as it is the only option that indicates contradiction. If the correct answer does not immediately jump out at you on this type of question and this will often be the case , use process of elimination. Therefore, you must offset it from the rest of the sentence with a comma before it and a comma after it.
Check to see if what is included in the other answer choices could be considered. The same applies to should have, could have, would have, etc. Consider what you are being given the option of omitting, and ask yourself if there is any chance it could be considered. A is incorrect because in no way does it indicate that the writer is about to receive a tortoise. Read and consider all of the answer choices before you choose the one that best responds to the question. Each of these answers adds information that, while kind of related to something mentioned in the sentence, is simply going off on a tangent and is therefore irrelevant.
You either have to know the expression or be able to use your ear to figure it out. The dates in Paragraph 5 are later than the dates in any of the other paragraphs, so it should come after these paragraphs with the exception of Paragraph 6, which contains no dates and is simply a conclusion. You just have to know the expression or be able to use your ear to figure it out. The transition is simply a prepositional phrase added to the beginning of the second independent clause and correctly separated from that independent clause with a comma. Ask yourself who or what the word or phrase is modifying, and put it right next to whatever it is modifying. F implies that something has finally happened, G implies that the sentence is giving an example of a previously stated generalization, and H implies a cause and effect relationship.
Without this transition, the discussion of the possibility of extraterrestrial life might seem out of place. In this case, answer choices A, B, and C all contain irrelevant information. B is a tempting answer because your ear might tell you to put a comma here, but as a rule, never put a comma between a subject and its verb, even if it is a place where you naturally pause while reading the sentence. Answer choice F is correct because a period is needed to separate the. If there is any chance it could be, choose the shorter one. The second sentence indicates that kayakers should still use safety gear in case a boat does capsize.
In indirect quotation, a comma is not used between the introduction and what was said. C is tricky, since it would be reasonable to assume that the writer expected to receive certain types of gifts because she has received these kinds of gifts in the past, but you do not know this for sure and cannot assume that it is the case. Therefore, it is necessary to offset it from the rest of the sentence by putting a comma before it and a comma after it. J is incorrect because a semi-colon is used in between , and the first part of this sentence is not an independent clause since it does not express a complete thought. The other answer choices all specify this important detail. The same applies for est vs. Therefore, you must offset it from the rest of the sentence with a comma before it and a comma after it.
If there is no clear and recent antecedent, use a noun instead of a pronoun. A, C and D are all grammatically correct because a semi-colon, a comma-conjunction, and a period are all acceptable options in between two independent clauses. . Essentially, the question is asking for a good topic sentence for this paragraph. If there is any chance it could be, you should choose to omit. Note that because the purpose is context-dependent, you do have to consult the context in this case.
English Passage I 1 D When making a comparison, it is necessary to compare like to like. Obviously, this meaning cannot make sense in the context of the passage. Because it is nonessential, it should be separated from the rest of the sentence with a comma before it and a comma after it. Here, A is the only option that accomplishes the stated purpose, as it is the only option that uses specific and vivid imagery. F is incorrect because semi-colons only go in between , and here neither what comes before nor what comes after the semi-colon is an independent clause since neither expresses a complete thought. It is important to use the structure of the question to tip you off to look for possible redundancy; because we often use redundant language in speech, we cannot count on it to necessarily sound bad. Here, the first sentence describes one thing Banneker did, and the second sentence describes something else he did, so F and H provide an appropriate transition.
C is incorrect because it is wordy and really makes no sense. H is correct because it turns the second part of the sentence into an appositive phrase which renames the kiln. Sometimes incorrect answers are made to sound great in the context even though they do not accomplish the stated purpose. Check to see if what is included in the other answer choices could be considered. A foolproof test is that you use who if it is not preceded by a preposition and is followed by a verb, while you use whom if it is either preceded by a preposition or followed by a noun or pronoun. Many of the questions in the test will involve more than one aspect of writing.
There is no cause and effect relationship, so the transition in G and J does not work. A dash is inappropriate for the same reason a comma is; no punctuation is needed between a subject and its verb. Click on letter choices below to view the correct answer and explanations. Watch out for incorrect answers like J that use a word or words from the stated purpose but in no way accomplish the purpose. Here, the first sentence discusses the stability of kayaks. It is important to use the structure of the question to tip you off to look for possible redundancy; because we often use redundant language in speech, we cannot count on it to necessarily sound bad.
The dash would also work in this situation. The other options are different types of past tense. Whenever you are offered a period, semi-colon, or comma conjunction in any of the answer choices, check to see if you have two independent clauses by seeing if both parts are capable of standing alone. However, the of G implies a past action that continues to this day — in other words, that the clock has been going for 40 years and is still going strong. Here, you need specifics, and F is more specific than any of the other options. You just have to know the expression or be able to use your ear to figure it out.