On the one hand, they are crucially connected with morphological aspects of the clause, including case marking, person agreement and voice. The project's goal is to observe languages with verb-verb compounds of different areas North, Meso- and South America, South-East Asia, North-East Siberia, Papua, Northen Australia to define the nature of their verb-verb compound's structure: serialization or incorporation of verb roots. I show that verb classification in Adyghe has some typologically peculiar properties, the main one being that the derivational classification distinguishes more specific classes than the purely morphological one. Case study method has been used for a long time to develop intercultural communication competences in non-linguistic universities. En apportant regulierement de nouveaux faits sur des langues peu ou mal etudiees, en proposant des theories explicatives qui suscitent la discussion, ce genre d'ouvrages contribue al'enrichissement de nos connaissances sur les mecanismes qui sont aI'reuvre dans l'expression des fonctions centrales. In this paper I analyse both the structure and the semantics of these features. While some of these mismatches can be explained diachronically, Spencer takes a purely synchronic stance, which is contrasted with the next two papers.
On the other hand, they are related to several semantic issues such as the meaning of case, semantico-syntactic verbal classes, and the semantic correlates of transitivity. Based on data from East Caucasian languages that use different marking for Recipients and addressees of speech, I argue that speech addressees constitute a separate semantic role, also an animate Goal, but not a metaphor of the Recipient. The volume is divided into three parts and includes twenty-one papers. They discuss the nonequal status of various factors that affect the role identification of nominals in German. The research findings were published in Nuclear Instruments and Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment. They also examine current issues and debates from historical, areal, socio-linguistic, and psycholinguistic perspectives.
The three terms in the title of this volume denote concepts that apparently should lie at the basis of any typologically valid account of syntactic composition. It is suggested that these peculiarities actually highlight certain properties of the Adyghe relative constructions that remain implicit in the standard language. While some of these mismatches can be explained diachronically, Spencer takes a purely synchronic stance, which is contrasted with the next two papers. This chapter is seemingly the least integrated in the volume, although it provides valuable data on case-independent participant-sharing between serialized predicates. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text. This paper discusses peculiarities of relativization in Shapsug Adyghe, a variety of the polysynthetic Adyghe language belonging to the Northwest Caucasian family.
The alternations of the first type, such as the passive voice, change the grammatical function of the external argument without reducing valence, whereas the middle voice alternation also reduces valence. The major outcome of this volume, besides the purely empirical one, consists, in my opinion, in clearly showing that the interaction and collaboration of linguists working on different aspects of a single notional domain and approaching it from divergent perspectives may be very fruitful. The book opens with an synoptic overview of the main lines of research in the field, which sets out the main issues, challenges, and debates. This paper describes the nominal morphology of the Mehweb language. It includes studies covering a wide spectrum of approaches to linguistics, for example, cross-linguistic typological studies, linguistic variation and language change in contact situations as well as studies relating to bilingualism and to second and foreign language learning. The broad empirical sweep and the fine-tuned theoretical analysis highlight the central role of argument structure and grammatical relations with respect to a plethora of linguistic phenomena.
In general, Adyghe relative constructions display a number of interesting phenomena such as morphological marking of the target role, relativization of several arguments within a single construction, and an internally-headed relative construction with the semantic head being marked by a specific exponent. After more then 70 years since his death and nevertheless the crucial changes psychology has undergone meanwhile, L. Luria performed in the process in question. In other words, the fact that a verb is derived is crucial for its behavior. Languages differ in the number of cases that are realized morphologically. The main research question which lies behind the classification study is whether verbs derived by means of the reciprocal or reflexive marker behave in the course of further valency-changing operations differently from nonderived verbs. This is argued to result from a principle that requires these subparts to be interpreted without appealing to a broader morphological context.
The second one is a derivational classification which builds on the morphological mechanisms of reciprocalization and reflexivization. On the one hand, they are crucially connected with morphological aspects of the clause, including case marking, person agreement and voice. The Oxford Handbook of Case provides a comprehensive account of research on case and the morphological and syntactic phenomena associated with it. The language-specific properties of Adyghe are also typologically relevant. Various theoretical questions have been raised in the course of the study of issues related to voice, and have been given different answers by recent linguistic theories within typological, functionalist, syntactic, and morpho-semantic frameworks.
The theme of case interpretation is continued by H elen de H oop and M onique J. As is well known Baker 1996, Mithun 1999 , verb morphology in these languages takes many functions of case, and this characteristic is extensively discussed in both of these papers; Peterson further spends much time arguing for the case functions of some adnominal markers. The theme of case interpretation is continued by Helen de Hoop and Monique J. It deals with the following issues: noun structure, plural formation, the oblique stem, case formation and use, and irregular locatives. The nominal complex shows properties of a single word and tends to follow the template proposed for the word in West Circassian.