Indeed, I taught myself some limited coding in order to use R for statistics during my PhD, with instruction from Professor Google but no formal training whatsoever. First, while authoritarianism is not a good thing, sometimes authority is, because we can rightly question whether if left to their own, those without 'cultural capital' are necessarily the best judges of exactly what education their children should receive. Employers require schooling, even when it is a questionable assumption that many of the things learned there actually contribute to work success. Indeed, the totemic power of exam results has only increased with the marketization of education, both school and higher. Schooled as a priest he became anathema to both the left and the right of the Catholic Church. You can also find customer support email or phone in the next page and ask more details about availability of this book. The black quest to belong is the greatest example of unrequited love anywhere in the world.
Doing a PhD really is self-directed learning, although mine may well have been more so than most. It's a good point, and he is correct in looking at how this question is especially problematic with schools. Also, I just am not convinced that Illich isn't ignoring or not seeing some of the positives of organized schools. This is a I don't know how to rate this. It would be nice if today policy makers could get a hold of Illich today and really try to bring power back to the people. What, after all, is the relation between schooling and learning, if any? School is robbing us of our humanity more and more everyday. Most of Illich's criticisms are directed at the liberal consensus, and he's not afraid of citing Milton Friedman's voucherization of school systems as a positive example, but mostly it's the idea of any sort of formal, obligatory, schooling that is the enemy.
In fact, formal schooling has become a largely self-perpetuating juggernaut that seems more content with perpetuating a belief in its necessity than actually facilitating learning learning, of course, being defined as something a bit broader than just absorbing the teachings of credentialed teachers. Is Illich an architect of the golden path, or a utopian it is doubtful you'll find him 'middle of the road'? In such a society marginal value has become constantly self-transcendent. Were I able to influence America's Schooling Institution, Illich would be a guru. In this atmosphere the student too often uses the map, the lab, the encyclopedia, or the microscope only at the rare moments when the curriculum tells him to do so. A great book that should be read by everyone who sees problems in our current education system s and is actively looking for answers. Illich's ideas about computer-assisted, voluntary, anonymous study groups might have been a good idea if he, instead of talking about the elimination of schools, had begun a useful institution to rival it. The user would identify himself by name and address and describe the activity for which he sought a peer.
Is Illich an architect of the golden path, or a utopian it is doubtful you'll find him 'middle of the road'? Giving examples of the ineffectual nature of institutionalized education, Illich posited self-directed education, supported by intentional social relations, in fluid informal arrangements. Illich's pessimistic message on the future school and institutional forces did little to create any change in society during his time. The last three chapters outline Illich's attempts at a solution. I barely understood portions of this fascinating book which deconstructs post Colonialist Western learning systems from there roots, the 'why' would you structure learning that way. He also critiques economics in how the state is restricting entry into certain professions in order to protect the individuals in the profession thereby creating a shortage and breeding inefficiency. Obviously, schools have not withered away as he hoped.
While in response to other institutions he often bashes technology and how he feels it has been manipulated by the state. Isn't there something to be said for an organized place where there are proscribed curricula, such that individuals can leave the minutiae of educational planning up to others? Book Descriptions: Descolarizzare La Societa I Grandi Delleducazione is good choice for you that looking for nice reading experience. Those with power and money have their own networks of private tutors to pursue actually effective education for their children, while basic skills like knowing how to do something, or how to think in a straight line for 500 words, are increasingly the privilege of the elite. Many people have become sick and are turning to homeopathic and the ancient ways of healing and learning. Full of detail on contemporary programs and concerns, the book remains as radical today.
New educational institutions would break apart this pyramid. Learning isn't something that has to be provided for you. The most useful classroom teaching I received was from relatively young airmen that taught Air Force computer classes. I agree with Illich that practical tests of typing, for example are more useful to vet candidates suitability for a job than exam results. My whole life, school has literally made me feel sick.
It is a critique of the formal, mandatory education system originally published in 1970. He attacks such paternalistic notions as the ritualization of progress and externally-directed education. Under this system, people can abdicate themselves of responsibility for their own growth, relying on teachers to impart them with knowledge. Bush received for his voucher system proposal. Illich's counter-proposal, in short, is open-learning based on peer-to-peer networking remarkably predicting of a world where people are linked via computers years and years before personal pcs and the internet come about and the disestablishment of degrees and certification as qualifications.
But the examination of compulsory schooling is still pretty fresh and mostly relevant. At least it got me thinking. First, while authoritarianism is not a good thing, sometimes authority is, because we can rightly question whether if left to their own, those without 'cultural capital' are necessarily the best judges of exactly what education their children should receive. And as for romanticizing the days where satisfying survival needs were enough to fill human life with purpose? And as more people get more schooling, everyone else feels like they have to as well, just to stay afloat. In fact, I systematically do better in exams than class work. My whole life, school has literally made me feel sick.
As someone with a healthy disdain for modern education it opens the door to a multitude of alternative ways of thinking about truly free and open education. For a book written in the 1970's. He suggests an alternative type of schooling which uses social networking to pair up people with similar interests to form apprenticeship style mentoring. It is amazing that such a simple utility has never been used on a broad scale for publicly valued activity. Everywhere this same curriculum instills in the pupil the myth that increased production will provide a better life. Every read of this book brings out nuances and layers.