A distributive dimension is therefore essential to implement sustainable production and consumption. Marx 1926: 169, 171 This applies whether this thing called capital is invested in energy, industry, agriculture, services, distribution, finance or the immaterial digital world. According to Gough the staggering rise in global emissions output is rooted within a system of capitalism, which prioritises profit, economic growth, and the accumulation of resources. So this book provides an economic, social and political analysis of the drivers of climate change. The essential premise is that all individuals, everywhere in the world, at all times present and future, have certain basic needs. The first part addresses the questions left unanswered in Brundtland: what are human needs? As Gough himself remarks, this suggestion is an optimistic view of how such a transition will work out in the future. The conclusion notes that this whole approach challenges some fundamental principles of orthodox economics.
What are the new climate-related risks we can expect in the developed world and what are their implications for social policy? It not only confronts social policy with a qualitatively new agenda, but it will also make the pursuit of economic and social needs and rights more difficult. The goal must be to respect biophysical boundaries while at the same time pursuing sustainable wellbeing: that is, wellbeing for all current peoples as well as for future generations. Attempts to alleviate these concerns such as our most ambitious coordination agenda, the Paris Climate Agreement, do not go far enough. According to Gough, this leads to inequalities in income, consumption and emissions. Political economy provides a more encompassing and fruitful framework.
Since the late eighteenth century fossil fuels have provided the indispensable energy basis for this process of accumulation. Third, because the first two are perilously insufficient, move towards an economy that flourishes without growth. In contrast, this book places climate change at the centre of discussions of the social dimensions of wellbeing. Chapter 3 shows how the current global capitalist economy results in climatic instability and increasing inequality. The result is a tour de force.
Highly recommended and suitable for teaching at all levels. This is a very important book. Yet the pursuit of social welfare and climate stability today cannot be separated from the dynamics and future of capitalist economies. Human need is presented in terms of a universalist theoretical framework of basic human needs. Ecosystems can be disturbed when the scale of the human economy grows abnormally in relation to its environment. Climate capitalism: emissions, inequality, green growth 4.
It is essential to bring in other social sciences to give credence to the truth that we live social lives within structures of power, both overt and hidden. A distributive dimension is therefore essential to implement sustainable production and consumption. This draws on by Gough conducted with Len Doyal in 1991. An economy and a society that can no longer rely on annual growth will require a radical redistribution of carbon, time and wealth. The Social Dimensions of Climate Change 2. To address this requires a measure that is constant across both space and time.
It describes current policy frameworks for cutting carbon and surveys the major carbon mitigation strategies: pricing carbon, regulation, and strategic investment. The book is divided into two parts. With sustainable wellbeing as his guiding principle and an eco-social political economy perspective, Gough proposes a credible transformation process, especially for rich countries, which could actually lead to meeting the 1. With sustainable wellbeing as his guiding principle and an eco-social political economy perspective, Gough proposes a credible transformation process, especially for rich countries, which could actually lead to meeting the 1. A variety of economic concepts have value and are used elsewhere, for example in.
The author critically examines the political economy of capitalism and offers a long-term, interdisciplinary analysis of the prospects for keeping the rise in global temperatures below two degrees, while also improving equity and social justice. While this theory presents a normative standard for evaluating the social dimensions of climate change, Gough also develops a descriptive and analytical framework he calls an eco-social political economy. The eco-social approach enables us to scrutinise the interrelationships and three-way conflicts between the domains of the biosphere notably global warming , society and the economy. The first is the production of commodities for profit. The reproduction of human capacities and environmental services in local contexts has for long depended on pre-capitalist, uncommodified and collective arrangements. I discuss in turn: the relationship between environment, society and economy; capitalism as a system; the ecological and social domains; and the neoliberal era.
This stems not only from their lobbying power but also from their structural power, the ability to influence policy without having to apply direct pressure on governments through agents. Demonstrating sophisticated knowledge of several relevant fields, Gough combines important multidisciplinary insights with his previous groundbreaking research on human needs. Together they mobilise the interests and institutions of the modern world and shape our dominant ideas. Moreover, human needs, unlike preferences, have a sound ethical grounding: they come with claims of justice and equity in tow. Gough has drawn these negative conclusions about Basic Income because he has studied illustrative Basic Income schemes that might indeed have some of these effects. We can assert with much confidence that the basic needs of future generations of humans will be the same as those of present generations. In particular there is a gulf of incomprehension and misunderstanding between economics and other social science disciplines.
The argument is that climate change is global, long-term, persistent and cumulative. A variety of policy solutions are considered, including spreading wealth more evenly through alternative forms of taxation and ownership, and fostering the core or social economy. Second, I try to overcome the too frequent gulf between idealist visions of a different world and hard-headed appreciation of the current global system. The argument is that climate change is global, long-term, persistent and cumulative. Heat, Greed and Human Need: Climate Change, Capitalism and Sustainable Wellbeing. This is a very important book.